Medicaid Program Information and Resources

Learn About the U.S. Medicaid Program

In the United States, the Medicaid program is available for those with limited income to pay for medical costs. The program is jointly operated on the state and federal levels. Both entities determine the specific eligibility requirements, benefits and application methods for households. Elderly Americans, those with disabilities, pregnant women and children are examples of those who may benefit from Medicaid coverage. A variety of coverage options are available for eligible applicants.

Additionally, states can provide optional benefits for patients. Depending on the specific eligibility levels of an applicant, Medicaid may be provided for free or a very low cost. There are various factors that determine whether a candidate can receive assistance. Households can apply to receive coverage through the federal government or a state Medicaid agency. Learn more about the eligibility requirements, benefits and application methods for this program by downloading this comprehensive guide below which will explain all of these things in detail.

What are the requirements for Medicaid?

There are many different eligibility standards for Medicaid benefits and they do tend to vary slightly among states. Generally, age, income level and household size are the main determinants for whether an applicant can receive benefits. Those who are pregnant, elderly and/or have a disability are more likely to be accepted for the program.


Applicants with extremely low income who are unemployed and/or underemployed are more likely to be eligible for Medicaid. The Medicaid expansion offered coverage to more state residents, but not all states chose to expand Medicaid coverage. Applicants should check to see the status of the Medicaid expansion to see if they are in a qualifying group.

The benefit limits to receive health care assistance are based on the yearly income of an applicant. These income levels are compared to the Federal Poverty Level to determine need. The expected adjusted gross income for the coming year must be provided at the time of application. Monthly amounts or a yearly expected total can be entered. This quantity, also called total income, must include any necessary adjustments. For example, adjustments such as alimony, student loan interest, taxes and IRA contributions should be included.

Work income, pensions, child support and other forms of income should be disclosed when applying for benefits. These additional payments affect eligibility to obtain coverage through Medicaid. Applicants receiving monetary aid through other government programs must provide this information at the time of application.

Household size is another eligibility factor for applicants. The number of dependents within a family affects the amount of coverage that will be dispersed throughout the home. Depending on the specific situation within a household, families may qualify for additional government programs. Generally, households with more dependents will be eligible to receive a lower cost of health care coverage. Spouses must also be disclosed on Medicaid applications.

Find Out About Medicaid Benefits

The benefits provided by Medicaid vary depending on area of residence. The type of care, cost, duration and services available are regulated by states under federal guidelines. Certain benefits must be covered under the program. However, states have the choice of providing coverage for other optional health services.

Healthcare is dispersed through a unique provider network that varies by state. Both private and public health agencies offer Medicaid coverage. Applicants should contact their state government agency to determine the specific options available for Medicaid.

The mandatory services that must be covered have been established on the federal level. Providers throughout the United States must offer these amenities to patients. Inpatient and outpatient hospital visits, nursing facility services, home health assistance and physician care must be covered under federal law. Pregnant women are eligible for nurse midwife services, access to freestanding birth centers, tobacco cessation counseling and family planning assistance. Additional required benefits include:

  • Early and periodic screening, diagnostic and treatment services
  • Services in rural health clinic
  • Midwife assistance
  • Lab tests and X-rays
  • Medical services at a federal health center
  • Transportation to receive medical care
  • Pediatric services
  • Family nurse practitioner assistance

There are a variety of other health benefits that may be provided by states. Although these services are optional, applicants gain more comprehensive care from receiving supplementary coverage. Prescription drugs, prosthetics, eyeglass services, physical therapy and dental services are sometimes covered through state Medicaid options. Furthermore, the following benefits may be provided in your state:

  • Clinic services
  • Occupational therapy
  • Respiratory care
  • Podiatry services
  • Chiropractic services
  • Speech, hearing and language disorder care
  • Optometry
  • Dentures
  • Other preventative and/or rehabilitative diagnostic or screening services

Applicants with disabilities or older patients with mental disorders may be covered under Medicaid. Psychiatric services for children and teens may also be included.


How to Apply for Medicaid Benefits

To register for Medicaid coverage, applicants can send a request in two different ways. An application can be presented directly to a state Medicaid agency or through national Health Insurance Marketplace. Through the federal Marketplace, applicants will be notified if they qualify for any other federal programs, such as the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP).

The application process for Medicaid can be completed at any time of year. For either method, an applicant must provide personal, financial and previous health care details. Additionally, information about each member of the household should be disclosed. Specific documents must be turned in with an application for verification. Social Security cards, birth certificates, medical bills and paystubs are examples of documentation that confirms application information.

To apply for benefits through the Health Insurance Marketplace, a request can be submitted online, by phone or mail. Sending an application online is the most quick and easy way to receive benefits. When these details are accurately filled out, the form can be turned in. A response is provided by mail and/or online.

To apply by phone, applicants can call the Marketplace Center to complete the necessary steps. In order to verify information presented, certain documents must be mailed in order for a decision to be made. A determination of benefits is then sent by mail.

Applicants can also submit the required form by mail. Verification documents must also be provided. This method generally takes the longest amount of time. Ensuring all information and documents are up-to-date and accurate allows the process to go as smoothly as possible.

Lastly, candidates can request benefits by directly contacting their state Medicaid agency. Similar personal and financial information must be provided during this process. However, the specific steps to obtain coverage vary from state to state.

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