Common Mental Health Conditions

There are a lot of misconceptions about mental health conditions. For instance, some wrongfully think that obsessively cleaning or binge eating are not disorders.

Mental health conditions are surprisingly common with one in nearly five Americans dealing with at least one. They are also very wide-ranging, and mental conditions can affect different parts of a person’s life such as his or her mood, personality or behaviors.

Of the different diagnoses, anxiety disorders and depression are the most common conditions, as these disorders affect 40 million Americans every year. Other common mental health conditions include obsessive-compulsive disorder, personality disorders, trauma- and stress-related disorders and eating disorders. Severe conditions are those like schizophrenia, which can include psychotic and cognitive symptoms. In the United States, 100,000 people are diagnosed with schizophrenia every year.

Thankfully, there are mental health treatments available. Treatments vary depending on the type of mental health condition the patient has. They are also tailored to meet the need of the individual. Whereas medication may be the best treatment for one person, psychotherapy may be the answer for someone else. The following information will tell you more about common types of mental health conditions.

What are mental health conditions?

It is estimated approximately 43 million people in the United States are diagnosed with a mental health condition each year. Most of those conditions are not disabling but it is estimated nearly 10 million adults in the United States have a mental illness that causes serious functional impairment.

Having a mental health condition can affect your mood, your thoughts and your behavior. The conditions can affect your daily ability to function and your relationships with other people. Conditions can come and go occasionally or they can last for years or a lifetime. If you are worried you might have a mental health condition or you are worried a loved one may be suffering, then a doctor should be consulted. Treatments for mental health conditions are available, so it is best to find mental health for a friend or family member, or yourself, as soon as possible.

Even if you do not have a mental health condition, then you can take steps to look after your mental health in order to avoid any problems later on. The following are some steps you can take to keep your mind healthy:

  • Stay physically active
  • Connect with other people
  • Stay positive
  • Develop a purpose in your life
  • Meditate
  • Make sure you get enough sleep

Treating Mental Health Conditions

There are various types of treatments available for different mental health conditions. First, if you have symptoms of a mental health condition, then you should see your doctor for a diagnosis. Often times, your health insurance covers mental health treatments, especially if they are preventive.

To determine which, if any, mental illness you have, there are three parts to the diagnosis procedure. Physical exams allow your doctor to know if there are physical problems causing your symptoms. Lab tests can screen for other things like thyroid dysfunction. Psychological evaluations involve talking to your doctor or health provider about your symptoms. You may be asked about your behavioral patterns and your thoughts and feelings. A psychological evaluation can also include filling out a questionnaire.

There are many types of treatments available for people who are diagnosed with a mental health condition, although there is no one treatment that works for everybody. It is very much about selecting the right course of treatment for the individual. Some of the common treatments for people with mental health conditions include medication, psychotherapy, support groups and hospitalization.

Although prescribed medication does not cure mental health conditions, it can sometimes certainly help the sufferer deal with his or her symptoms. Using a combination of medication and psychotherapy is typically the best way for people to get better. Psychotherapy is where you talk to someone about your thoughts, feelings and behavior patterns. There are various types of therapy, including exposure therapy, cognitive behavior therapy and dialectical behavior therapy.

Being part of a support group where people share their stories and problems can be a great treatment. Sharing your thoughts about your condition with other people in the same boat can help you all take a step closer towards recovery.

In extreme cases of mental illness, it may be necessary for the person with the condition to be hospitalized. This allows the person to be accurately diagnosed, monitored carefully and have medications adjusted as necessary.

What are the different types of mental health conditions?

Mental health conditions range from anxiety disorders to schizophrenia. Some conditions are mild, while others can be severe.

Individuals feel sad or irritable at times but that is different from having mood disorders. This disorder affects your emotional state every day, where you find it difficult to function in the world. Nearly one in 10 adult Americans has mood disorders. These disorders include depression, bipolar disorder and seasonal affective disorder.

There are various types of anxiety disorders. Two of the most common anxiety disorders are generalized anxiety disorder and panic disorder. Generalized anxiety disorder is when you have exaggerated worry and tension when there has been little cause to provoke it. Panic disorder is a condition where you often have episodes of intense fear that can cause physical symptoms like heart palpitations and dizziness.

There are several types of personality disorders that can be mild or severe. Each one involves unshakeable patterns of thoughts and behaviors. These unhealthy behaviors cause serious issues every day, from interacting with people to functioning in the workplace.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most well known of the trauma and stress-related disorders, as of its common occurrence in soldiers who seen wartime. However, people can develop PTSD after experiencing a terrifying life event. Other trauma and stress-related disorders include reactive attachment disorder and acute stress disorder.

Substance abuse is using drugs or alcohol in a way that lead to addiction and serious health problems. Types of substance abuse disorders include alcohol-use disorder, tobacco-use disorder, stimulant-use disorder, hallucinogen-use disorder and opioid-use disorder.

Eating disorders, which involve eating too much or too little, can be very serious and even fatal. There are three main types of eating disorders. Anorexia nervosa is a disorder where people see themselves as being overweight when they are actually underweight and, therefore, eat much less than they should. Bulimia nervosa involves regularly eating unusually large amounts of food followed by purging, such as self-induced vomiting. Having a binge-eating disorder is when you regularly eat an unusually large amount of food, which can lead to obesity.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a long-term disorder where you have repeated and uncontrollable thoughts and behaviors, which can include needing things to be ordered symmetrically or excessive washing your hands.

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