Common Preventive Care Measures

There are many different ways that you can effectively prevent the onset of diseases. Preventive care measures such as screenings and counseling can make a big difference in whether or not you develop a particular disease.

Screenings and tests are used to determine if you have any physiological signs of developing a disease so that counter-measures can be put into place to stop the progression. Counseling programs can help you to make lifestyle changes that can greatly reduce your likelihood of suffering from a disease in the future.

No matter how healthy you feel that you are, it is always a smart idea to be routinely tested for a variety of different diseases and illnesses. Oftentimes you could be developing the first stages of cancer or diabetes and not be experiencing any symptoms of side effects yet. Therefore, as part of a healthy routine, you should go to your doctor frequently and utilize preventive care measures to keep yourself healthy.

Obesity Screenings and Diet Counseling

Being overweight or obese is one of the primary factors for developing conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease. Weighing more than what is healthy for your body can also increase your chances of developing certain forms of cancer and other illnesses. If you are overweight or obese and you effectively lose weight, you may end up lowering your blood pressure, blood sugar and bad cholesterol levels, which can greatly reduce your risk of these health issues.

If you go to your doctor’s office for an obesity screening, your doctor can tell you what your weight is and whether or not you are within your healthy range. Oftentimes he or she will calculate your body mass index (BMI) in order to determine if you are at a healthy weight. Then, if necessary, you can receive diet counseling in order to learn more about how to lose, maintain or gain weight in a healthy manner by eating better and exercising more frequently.

Tobacco Cessation Programs

Tobacco use is associated with high rates of developing a disease. In fact, smoking is found to cause heart disease, lung cancer, strokes, gum disease, vision problems, arthritis, pregnancy issues and Type 2 diabetes among other issues. Therefore, the cessation (or quitting) of tobacco usage and smoking is one of the best things that you can do for your personal health. Additionally, quitting smoking can drastically improve the health of those around you because second hand smoke can also cause diseases such as heart disease, stroke and lung cancer as well.

Tobacco screenings can be done to detect whether or not you have been smoking. Tobacco cessation programs have the purpose of intervening in your tobacco use and helping you to successfully quit smoking so that you can improve your health and the health of those around you. Both the tobacco screening and the tobacco cessation program are effective preventive care measures to help you change your smoking habits to avoid the onset of diseases related to tobacco use.

HIV Screening

You may have HIV and not even know it because many people have HIV with minimal symptoms. The only absolute way to know whether you have been infected with HIV is to participate in an HIV screening. The HIV screening can be done a few different ways depending on the doctor’s office or clinic that you go to. Some types of HIV tests use a blood sample while others use a sample of fluid from your mouth. An HIV screening can help you learn how to manage your HIV and how to avoid infecting others if you do have HIV. You may also speak with a health care professional about how to avoid contracting HIV if you do not already have it.

Everyone between the ages of 15 to 65 years of age should be tested for HIV at least once, and all pregnant women should also be tested. You may need to be tested more frequently, perhaps even once a year, if you have certain risk factors. Speak with your doctor or nurse to understand how frequently you should have an HIV screening done.

Diabetes Screening

Diabetes is one of the most common causes of death in the United States. Having diabetes can lead to an increased chance that you will develop another serious health problem such as blindness, nerve damage, heart disease, kidney disease and/or a stroke. It is important to have a diabetes screening performed regularly, especially if you have risk factors that may increase your chance of developing diabetes such as a family history of diabetes or being overweight or obese.

How to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

It is important to note that Type 2 diabetes can be prevented if you make certain lifestyle changes. For example, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising and eating healthy foods can all decrease your chances of developing Type 2 diabetes. Your doctor can speak with you about all of the different ways that you can improve your health and reduce your chances of developing diabetes.

Cancer Screenings

Cancer is another leading cause of death in the United States, and there are many different types of cancer that American’s are diagnosed with each year. Some of the most common types of cancer include breast cancer, colorectal (colon and rectal) cancer, lung cancer and skin cancer, among others. Because of the high instance of developing some form of cancer in your lifetime, it is very important to be regularly screened for cancer by your physician.

Cancer screenings vary based on the type of cancer that you are being tested for. Additionally, the age that you need to be in order to have testing done will also vary depending on the type of cancer you are being tested for. For example, breast cancer is usually screened for by having a mammogram done and mammograms are generally recommended for women older than 40 years of age. Most adults are recommended to be 45 to 50 years of age or older when they have their first colonoscopy to screen for colorectal cancer. However, your doctor may have a different recommendation for when you are to be screened, and what method will be used, so it is a good idea to speak with him or her about your options.

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